Common Orthodontic Terms

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    Banding

    The process of cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.

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    Bonding

    The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.

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    Cephalomentric X-Ray

    An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly.

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    Consultation

    A meeting with your orthodontist where he/she discusses your treatment plan.

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    Debonding

    The removal of cemented orthodontic brackets.

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    Extractions

    The removal of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

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    Impressions

    The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with a rubber-type material. That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.

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    Interproximal Reduction (IPR)

    Interproximal Reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.

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    Oral Hygiene

    Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

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    Orthodontic Records

    These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

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    Panoramic X-Ray

    An x-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws and other important information.

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    Surgery

    Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.

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    Two-Phase Treatment

    Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and esthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.